Here you can find the most important and most used embroidery stitches at a glance.
Base stitches run from the bottom left to the top right, while the top stitches run opposite. Important for a uniform embroidery pattern: All top stitches must lie in the same direction.
With stem stitch, the direction of stitching is from left to right.
A spider stitch refers to a staying stitch which emanates outwards radially from a central point.
The blanket stitch is used as a border stitch. This makes it very important, especially in Hardanger embroidery.
These stitches must lie loosely, otherwise it will result in a thin line instead of a chain.
The individual chain stitches are a simple and effective way of stitching flowers.
Here, a vertical cross is stitched over a normal cross-stitch.
The square stitch can be used as a border for motifs.
The direction of stitching is from right to left.
Parallel stitches lying very closely together.
With French knot stitch, the direction of stitching is from right to left.
The branch stitch is usually used as a decorative stitch.
Named after the painter Hans Holbein, who precisely reproduced such embroidery in his paintings.
This technique is like a satin stitch, but only involves individual stitches.
Eyelet stitch is pulled through the fabric.
The bundle stitch is usually used as a decorative stitch.
There are different types of needlework fabrics which can be used for embroidery. The difference between the tissues lies, among other things, in the different types of binding, which are explained here along with other important terms.
The fabrics are absolutely square meshes, above all so that cross-stitches will lie in a nice line and not get crooked and skewed.
Needlework fabrics always have to do with counted embroidery, i.e. stitching over two mesh threads.
Most needlework fabrics have a firmer structure, so that they are easy to embroider even without an embroidery frame. They get soft after being washed.
The most important feature is good countability, which is achieved by weaving the fabrics with great precision. This is especially important with cross-stitch motifs.
Needlework fabrics are also weaved more openly so that they are easier to embroider.
crosswise system means weft. The warp and weft are interlocked on the loom – a process known as weaving. The way
the warp and weft cross one another is called the weave. The schematic depiction of the weave is called the drawdown, in which the lifts in the warp threads are shown as dark and the depressions are shown as light.
have integrated embroidery options which allows you to decorate the fabric individually with embroideries.
weave typically features square blocks from float stitches of warp and weft threads arranged in a staggered pattern with corners which form tiny holes. This makes Aida the classic base mesh for learning evenweave embroidery.
alternately on top and bottom. The stitchers are arranged like a chessboard and the mesh has the same appearance on both sides. The embroidery is usually done over two mesh threads.
Jacquard machine is used. Very finely drawn weaves can be produced by lifting individual warp threads (thread intertwinings) – albeit up to a maximum of approx. 30,000. The ability to move each warp thread individually allows any conceivable pattern to be woven. Dobby machines enable you to produce simple designs (such as stripes) with a maximum repeat of 28 threads.
machine with a weave repeat of up to dobbies. If there are more than 28 dobbies, a Jacquard machine is used.
This is all about the technique of embroidery. Starting with 'What do I need?' To important conversion formulas you will be told a lot about embroidery.
want to embroider, the embroidery thread and method you decide on to be well-matched to one another. You also need the right tools: suitable needles, sharp scissors, an embroidery frame and – if you want to embroider holes – a bodkin, ruler, tape measure, pencil and ballpoint pen.
the knots would make the motif look bumpy from the front, for instance if you were to put it in a picture frame. The threads which result on the back of the embroidered motif are thus pulled through the embroidered stitches on the back several times and then carefully cut off.n.
How large will my embroidered image be if I want to embroider on a fabric with a different number of threads?
Formula: Embroidery area dimensions in cm * number of threads in mesh pro cm = total number of threads in embroidery area
Now you have to multiple the width and height of the embroidery area by the fabric’s number of threads from the instructions (in this case 7.1 threads/cm) in order to arrive at the total number of threads. In order to calculate the size of the motif on the new fabric, you have to divide the result by the new fabric’s number of threads (in this case 8 threads/cm). So if you wanted to embroider the motif on a BELLANA, the motif would have a size of 44 * 53 cm.(Calculation 1: 50 cm * 7.1 threads/cm = 355 threads: 8 threads/cm = approx. 44 cm / calculation 2: 60 cm * 7.1 threads/cm = 426 threads: 8 threads/cm = approx. 53 cm)
Use fine laundry detergent without brighteners.
Always wash colourful, folkloric embroideries separately, because excess dye may bleed out otherwise.
Only spin slightly and do not fill up the machine too much. Also, do not rub, always just press on it gently.
If you are used wool embroidery thread, you should wash by hand – otherwise your needlework could get matted in the machine!
Wash embroidery with synthetic and metallic threads as carefully as possible, since metallic thread is prone to splitting.
Don’t dry in a dryer – otherwise the fabrics will run!
Hang up cotton embroideries immediately after washing and roll up wool embroideries in absorbent cloth.
Iron from left on a soft underlay so that the pattern becomes ductile on the front side.
Linen and linen blends should be ironed with slight moisture.
Stain treatment: Place light embroidery in Wipp or laundry detergent overnight.